HOLIDAYS in the philippines

 

The Labor Code of the Philippines specifies two types of holidays: the "Regular Holiday" and the "Special Non-Working Day". To know more about a yearly holidays just click HERE.

 

Type
 
Pay if...
Did not work
Did work
Regular Holiday 100% of daily wage 200% of daily wage + 30% if on rest day
Special Non-Working day not paid 130% of daily wage + 20% if on rest day

 

Aside from these, an employee shall be given additional pay if he works overtime (additional 25% per hour; additional 30% per hour if on a rest day).

 

 

REGULAR HOLIDAYS
Date
English name
Filipino name
Transfer-ability
Details
January 1 New Year's Day Araw ng Bagong Taon Fixed Celebrates the first day of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
April 9 Day of Valour Araw ng Kagitingan Fixed Commemorates the Fall of Bataan during the Japanese invasion of the Philippines, and by extension, the courage of Filipino and American soldiers at the Fall of Corregidor, the Bataan Death March and throughout the Second World War. In 2009, Araw ng Kagitingan fell on Maundy Thursday so it was moved to April 6.
March 24 (2016) Maundy Thursday Huwebes Santo Movable Maundy Thursday is part of Holy Week (Tagalog: Mahal na Araw; Spanish: Semana Santa). This holy day commemorates the Last Supper of Christ with his Twelve Apostles.
March 25 (2016) Good Friday Biyernes Santo Movable Good Friday is the most important and solemn day of Holy Week, as it commemorates the suffering, crucifixion and death of Christ. Processions, Passion plays, the recitation of the Pasyon, and various religious services are among the customs practised on this day.
May 1 Labour Day Araw ng mga Manggagawa Fixed Celebrates workers. The first Labour Day celebrations were held in the Philippines on 1 May 1903, with a large rally in front of Malacañan Palace staged by the Union Obrera Democratica (Democratic Labourer's Union), which pressed for workers’ economic rights.
June 12 Independence Day Araw ng Kalayaan Fixed Celebrates the Philippine Declaration of Independence and the establishment of the First Philippine Republic by Emilio Aguinaldo on 12 June 1898.

July 8 (2016) (calculated)

1st day of Shawwal in Islamic Calendar

Eid'l Fitr Pagwawakas ng buwan ng pagaayuno ng mga Muslim (Ramadhan). Movable Celebrates the end of the fasting month of Ramadan; also the first day of the month Shawwal in Islamic calendar. It was created by virtue of Republic Act No. 9177 and signed on 13 November 2002. The law was enacted in deference to the Filipino Muslim community and to promote peace among the major religions in the Philippines.
Every Last Monday of August National Heroes' Day Araw ng mga Bayani Movable Commemorates all the nation's heroes throughout history. It is a regular holiday marking the 1896 Cry of Pugad Lawin by the Katipunan (led by its Supremo Andrés Bonifacio), which began the Philippine Revolution. This holiday happens every Last Monday of August.
September 13 (2016) (calculated)
10th day of Dzul Hijja in Islamic Calendar
Eidul Adha Pista ng Pagsasakripisyo Movable Celebrates the end of the Hajj and the feast when Muslims sacrifice a goat, sheep, cow or a camel to be sent to the poor as a donation. The Hajj is when Muslims go on required pilgrimage to Mecca.
November 30 Bonifacio Day Araw ng Kapanganakan ni Bonifacio Fixed Commemorates the birth of national hero Andrés Bonifacio on November 30, 1863. Bonifacio is remembered on his birthday, rather than the date of his death (10 May 1897), which is marred by the fact he was executed by the Filipino revolutionary government and not, as in the case of other heroes, by colonial powers. The Aguinaldo government assassinated Bonifacio, whom it labelled an enemy of the state after the events at the Tejeros Convention. Often confused with National Heroes' Day.
December 25 Christmas Day Araw ng Pasko Fixed Celebrates the Nativity of Christ. Since some 80% of Filipinos are Christian, Christmas in the Philippines is one of the longest in the world, starting as early as September until the last week of January.[citation needed] It is one of the most important holidays and religious observances of the year along with Holy Week.
December 30 Rizal Day Araw ng Kabayanihan ni Dr. Jose Rizal Fixed Commemorates the execution of national hero José Rizal by Spanish colonial government on 30 December 1896.

 

 

 

SPECIAL NON-WORKING HOLIDAYS
Date
English name
Filipino name
Transfer-ability
Details
March 18 (ARMM area only) Bangsamoro Freedom Day Anibersaryo ng Jabida Massacre Fixed A special non-working day in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao in commemoration of the Jabida Massacre.

December 12 (2016)

 

12th day of Rabiul Awwal in Islamic Calendar

 

Presidential Decree No. 1083 (Code of Muslim Personal Laws of the Philippines)
Maulidin Nabiy Araw ng kapanganakan ni Propheta Muhammad (p.b.u.h.) Movable

Observances of the birthday of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h) which occurs in 12th day of Rabi' al-awwal, the third month in the Islamic calendar.Mawlid is celebrated in most predominantly Islamic countries, and in other countries that have a significant Muslim population.

 

This holiday  shall be observed in  the  provinces  of Basilan,  Lanao  del  Norte, Lanao  del Sur, Maguindanao, North Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, Sulu,  Tawi-Tawi, Zamboanga  del Norte and Zamboanga del Sur and  in the cities  of Cotabato, Iligan, Marawi, Pagadian, and Zamboanga, and in  such  other Muslim provinces and cities as may be created by law.  Upon proclamation by  the President of  the Philippines,  Muslim  holidays  may also  be officially observed in other provinces and cities.

27th day of Rajab in Islamic Calendar

 

Presidential Decree No. 1083 (Code of Muslim Personal Laws of the Philippines)

Isra Wal Miraj (Night of Journey and ascension to heaven of Islamic Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) Gabi ng paglakbay at pagakyat ni Propeta Muhammad (pbuh) Movable

Commemorates the Night Journey of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) to Masjidil Aqsa in Jerusalem and from there ascended to heavens to receive the 5 obligatory prayers. It has been described as both a physical and spiritual journey.

 

This holiday  shall be observed in  the  provinces  of Basilan,  Lanao  del  Norte, Lanao  del Sur, Maguindanao, North Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, Sulu,  Tawi-Tawi, Zamboanga  del Norte and Zamboanga del Sur and  in the cities  of Cotabato, Iligan, Marawi, Pagadian, and Zamboanga, and in  such  other Muslim provinces and cities as may be created by law.  Upon proclamation by  the President of  the Philippines,  Muslim  holidays  may also  be officially observed in other provinces and cities.

October 3 (2016)

 

1st day of Muharram

 

Presidential Decree No. 1083 (Code of Muslim Personal Laws of the Philippines)

Amon Jadid (Islamic New Year) Bagong Taon ng Islamic Calendar Movable

The Hijri New Year, also known as Islamic New Year is the day that marks the beginning of a new Islamic calendar year, and is the day on which the year count is incremented. The first day of the year is observed on the first day of Muharram, the first month in the Islamic calendar. The first Islamic year beginning in 610 AD during which the emigration of Muhammad from Mecca to Medina, known as the Hijra.

 

This holiday  shall be observed in  the  provinces  of Basilan,  Lanao  del  Norte, Lanao  del Sur, Maguindanao, North Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, Sulu,  Tawi-Tawi, Zamboanga  del Norte and Zamboanga del Sur and  in the cities  of Cotabato, Iligan, Marawi, Pagadian, and Zamboanga, and in  such  other Muslim provinces and cities as may be created by law.  Upon proclamation by  the President of  the Philippines,  Muslim  holidays  may also  be officially observed in other provinces and cities.

May 9 (2016) Election Day Araw ng Halalan Fixed Election Day of the Philippine general election.
August 21 Ninoy Aquino Day Araw ng Kabayanihan ni Ninoy Aquino Fixed Commemorates the unsolved assassination of former Senator and prominent oppositionist Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino, Jr. in 1983, which was a catalyst for the People Power Revolution in 1986.
November 1 All Saints' Day Undás; Araw ng mga Santo; Todos los Santos Fixed Filipinos observe this day by visiting graves, repairing and clean their tombs and offering prayers, flowers, food and candles to the dead. Many visit their ancestors in their native provinces, thus making it an occasion for reunions with extended family.
November 2 All Souls' Day Araw ng mga Patay Fixed The actual memorial of the dead mandated by the Catholic Church. Visiting of graves continues from the previous day.
December 19
(ARMM & Cotabato City only)
Shariff Kabunsuan Day Araw ng Shariff Kabunsuan Fixed A special holiday in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao in commemoration of the Shariff Kabunsuan who islamized Mindanao.
December 24 Christmas Eve Bisperas ng Pasko Fixed The day before Christmas. Filipino Christian families generally hold an extravagant midnight feast called Nochebuena on this day, beginning shortly before midnight.
December 31 Last Day of the Year Bisperas ng Bagong Taon; Huling Araw ng Taon Fixed Also known as New Year's Eve, families hold a second, extravagant midnight feast called Medianoche to greet the coming year. Loud noises are made and firecrackers are lit, in the belief that this drives away misfortune from the previous year.

 

 

 

SPECIAL HOLIDAYS
Date
English name
Filipino name
Transfer-ability
Details
February 25 EDSA Revolution Anniversary Anibersaryo ng Rebolusyon sa EDSA Fixed A special non-working holiday in recent years to celebrate the People Power Revolution, it hasn't been made a regular yearly holiday. It is a special holiday only for schools, either private or public schools since 2010.

 

 

 

OTHER HOLIDAYS
Date
English name
Filipino name
Transfer-ability
Details
February 2 Constitution Day Araw ng Saligang Batas Movable A non-working holiday which was first observed in 2002. Celebrates the ratification of the currently enforced 1987 Constitution.
January 31, 2014 Chinese New Year Bagong Taon ng mga Tsino Movable Also known as the Spring Festival or Lunar New Year, it is mainly celebrated by the Filipino Chinese but has slowly received wider exposure in popular culture.
May 24 Vesak Day Araw ng Bisyák Movable Celebrated by Filipino Buddhists, which marks three important events in the life of Gautama Buddha: his birth in 583 BCE, his Enlightenment, and his physical death and spiritual entry into Parinirvana. Through the initiative of the Universal Wisdom Foundation, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo signed Proclamation No. 24 on March 29, 2001, declaring the full moon day of every May every year as Vesak Day.
June 19 Jose Rizal's birthday Araw ng Kapanganakan ni Jose Rizal Movable First declared in 1961 by President Carlos P. García in honour of the birth cnetenary of José Rizal. Monday, 20 June 2011 was declared a special non-working holiday by President Benigno Aquino III for Rizal's 150th birth anniversarym as requested by the National Historical Commission of the Philippines.[8]
July 27 Iglesia ni Cristo Day Araw ng Iglesia ni Cristo Fixed In keeping with Republic Act No. 9645, which was signed on June 12, 2009, 27 July was designated a special national working holiday every year since 2009, in honour of the foundation of the Iglesia ni Cristo in 1914.[9] The INC is the largest indigenous Christian church in Asia.
October 21 National Day of Celebration Araw ng Pambansang Pagdiriwang Movable Presidential Proclamation No. 481 declared Sunday, 21 October 2012 as a national day of celebration for the canonisation of Saint Pedro Calungsod, the second Filipino saint.

 

 

Former holidays

Independence Day (Araw ng Kalayaan) used to be celebrated on July 4th, the day in 1946 that the United States had granted independence, intentionally coinciding with the US Independence Day. On 12 May 1962, President Diosdado Macapagal issued Presidential Proclamation No. 28, which declared Tuesday, 12 June a special public holiday throughout the Philippines, "... in commemoration of our people's declaration of their inherent and inalienable right to freedom and independence.[11]" On 4 August 1964, Republic Act No. 4166 renamed the 4 July holiday as "Philippine Republic Day", proclaimed 12 June as "Philippine Independence Day", and enjoined all citizens of the Philippines to observe the latter with befitting rites.

 

In 1955, President Ramon Magsaysay issued Presidential Proclamation No. 212, s. 1955, which established the observance of Philippine American Day every November 15, the anniversary of the inauguration of the Commonwealth of the Philippines.[13][14] Sometime during the administration of President Ferdinand Marcos, Philippine–American Day was renamed Philippine–American Friendship Day and moved to July 4, overshadowing the observance of the date as Philippine Republic Day. After the Third Republic and the 1935 Constitution were discarded by Martial Law, it was impolitic to remind the public of the old republic. This is why, when President Marcos issued Presidential Proclamation No. 2346 s. 1984, reference was made to Philippine–American Friendship Day, which was relegated to a working holiday without mention of Philippine Republic Day.

 

During the administration of President Corazon C. Aquino, the practice of celebrating Philippine–American Friendship Day and Philippine Republic Day as a non-working holiday was formally abolished. Section 26 of the Administrative Code of 1987 specified a list of regular holidays and nationwide special days that did not include July 4.

 

Holiday Economics

Former President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo usually issues proclamations moving the holiday to Friday if a holiday falls on a Wednesday or Thursday, or to Monday if a holiday falls on a Tuesday. The sole purpose is to enable government and private employees to enjoy a three day weekend holiday. President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, coining the term holiday economics, introduced the policy in 2001 to reduce disruption to business and production schedules, encourage domestic tourism and give employees long weekends. In 2004 she issued a proclamation making Christmas Eve as special non-working holiday and December 27, the Monday after Christmas as special non-working holiday.

 

On July 25, 2007, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo signed into law Republic Act (RA) 9492 also known as "An Act Rationalizing the Celebration of National Holidays", designating 11 Regular Holidays and three Nationwide Special Holidays.[17] Specific dates or days for celebration are designated. The law provides that holidays falling on a Wednesday will be observed on the Monday of the week and that holidays falling on a Sunday, the holiday will be observed on the Monday that follows. Three holidays (Maundy Thursday, Good Friday, and Eidul Fitr) are designated as having movable dates, and the law provides that for movable holidays the President shall issue a proclamation, at least six months prior to the holiday concerned, the specific date that shall be declared as a non-working day. Though it was allowed by RA 9492, Labor Day was never moved to another date by President Arroyo at the request of labor groups.

 

While Arroyo's "holiday economics" has been praised for boosting domestic tourism and for encouraging more quality time among members of Filipino families, businessmen are complaining over lost productivity and the hassle of preparing mandatory holiday and overtime salaries in a short period of time. Others deplored it as presidential tinkering with history via executive fiat.[16] The final two weeks of 2008 have the largest number of holidays based on Presidential Proclamation 1463[19] with offices closed from December 25, 2008 until January 4, 2009.

 

The current President Benigno Aquino III decided to stay away from "holiday economics" to commemorate the holidays on their original dates and to avoid disruptions to the economy.

 

 

Local holidays

Philippine cities, municipalities, or barangays, often observe one or more holidays. Being a predominantly Catholic country, these are usually the feasts of the locale's one or more patron saints. Secular observances usually mark a government's founding day or the birth or death of a prominent native. These are often celebrated with parades, processions, entertainment, and feasting, as well as whatever local customs are traditional.

 

Local holidays for the most part are applicable only to the immediate area concerned, and barangay fiestas do not usually warrant a public holiday for the area unless otherwise ordered.

 

 

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